Korean Plastic Surgery

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Korean Plastic Surgery Dubbed the most popular plastic surgery operation in the world, the Korean plastic surgery attracts a lot of support and detest in equal measure. The most common Korean plastic surgery is the blepharoplasty surgery which is also known as the double eyelid surgery. According to statistics published by the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, the double eyelid surgery was conducted on more that 1.43 million people in the world in the year 2014. Research indicates that this surgery is so popular that even a former Korean president had to undergo the operation while still in office (The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery). While the story of Korean plastic surgery is considerably endearing, it also attracts a lot of controversy especially when its history gets considered.
The popular Korean plastic surgery has its history dating back to more than six decades ago in the period between 1950 and 1953 when it was performed by Dr. Ralph Millard on an English-speaking Korean working as an interpreter.
Dr. Ralph Millard was in Seoul attending to soldiers wounded in war by offering reconstructive surgery. According to his report on the first recipient of the double eyelid surgery, Dr. Millard explained that the Korean interpreter went to him asking to have his eyes turned into round eyes.
The understanding of this is that the Korean admired the American soldiers on whom Dr. Millard worked and in pursuit of the beauty, the Korean interpreter sought the surgery. Notably, the double eyelid surgery would turn out to be the beginning of the worst stereotype in Asia as it pertains to beauty and having either monolids or double eyelids.
Quite literally, many people in Asia now perceive double eyelids to be more attractive and beautiful as compared to the monolids and it is for this reason that the people consider the blepharoplasty surgery (Baer).
Whether double eyelids are more beautiful or not is still a highly divisive debate. However, there is another aspect to this debate and this pertains to the issues of racial dominance as implied in the surgery.
According to research, Asian critics of the blepharoplasty surgery indicate that the surgery stamps the position of white or American dominance on the Asian heritage. This is because by taking the surgery, many people indicate wanting to look more like the Americans.
The term look-like-Americans was most popular in the 1960s when Koreans hardly knew what to call the surgery. The use of this term has for long characterized the debate on the concern that blepharoplasty surgery is a symbol of the dominance of American culture over the Korean cultural heritage.
This has also been linked to the adoption of the surgery by sex workers and war brides whose sole intention was to grow their appeal fro the American soldiers and this indicates the close link of the surgery to moral decadence.
Additionally, the surgery has been requested by South Korean women married to the American soldiers and who wanted to fit in their newly found homes. It is this association with the historical erosion of the South Korean culture that has been the major reason for arguments against the surgery (Baer).
The racial links of the Korean surgery have been studied by various researchers. In one study titled Medicalization of Racial Features: Asian American Women and Cosmetic Surgery, the researcher indicated that eyelids and nose restructuring was increasingly common among the Asian communities in the United States (Kaw). The continued uptake of these cosmetic surgeries was closely linked with the need to belong or look similar to the White population in the United States. However, research also indicates that unlike in the cosmetic surgery and other processes taken up by the African Americans who wanted to look less African, the Asian communities taking the Korean surgery were not attempting to look any less Asian especially when the aging nature of the two populations are considered. Consequently, the Asian community was considered to be taking the surgery as a way of bringing the best out of the two looks (Kaw).
Speaking of the best looks, the adoption of Korean plastic surgery has been highly popularized by beauty pageants and particularly in South Korea. This is because majority of those selected to the stage almost all have had the surgery conducted on them. This ends up popularizing the beauty of double eyelids and nose restructuring. According to one report, judges in Korean beauty contests consider that those contestants who have invested in the surgery are more serious about the position and their role and this directly encourages women in Korea to consider the surgery. Fortunately, the surgery is one of the least expensive and least invasive cosmetic surgeries and this is why it is increasingly adopted by populations across the world (Baer).
Considering the information herein provided, there appears to be as many reasons why the Asian community ought to broadly accept the Korean surgery as there are reasons why the community should not adopt the surgery. However, the plastic surgery appears to strongly taking hold of the Asian community. However, there is no clear understanding of how the plastic surgery continues to be adopted especially by the Asian communities living, studying, or working in the United States. Furthermore, there is no clear understanding whether the adoption of the Korean surgery exhibits similar trends among men as it is among the female Asian populations across the United. This study proposes a study on how popular Korean plastic surgery is among the Asian communities in the United States.
The proposed research seeks to answer the following research question: How popular is Korean plastic surgery among Asian communities in the United States? The research hypotheses are stated as follow: Null Hypothesis: There is no significant mean difference in the popularity of Korean plastic surgery among the Asians living in the United States and those in South Korea
Alternative Hypothesis: There is mean difference in the popularity of Korean plastic surgery among the Asians living in the United States and those in South Korea. The study will adopt a comparative explanatory research design.
Consequently, the study seeks to compare the popularity of Korean plastic surgery in the United States and the South Korean contexts. Data will be analyzed based on the numbers of respondents from whom data is collected and the findings will be used to explain the various phenomena influencing the popularity of Korean plastic surgery in the two contexts hence helping infilling the knowledge gap as it currently exists on the issue at hand.
Arguably, this study asserts that there are no significant differences in the perception of Korean plastic surgery in the United States context and the South Korean context. This study is important in asserting the importance of the Korean plastic surgery in the race and culture discourse surrounding this divisive cosmetic surgery.
The study pays an important role in informing the current trends on the Korean plastics surgery as well as the perceptions informing the identified trends. The use of empirical evidence in the study helps in boosting the credibility of the debate on the issue at hand while at the same time bringing in new knowledge and helping in informing future discourse on the same subject.